Teaching Analogies

Teaching Analogies

Meet #1 Team Leader Instructions

Posted by
 
 

First Challenge Meet

Team Leader Guide

 
 

Dear Team Leaders:

Welcome to the start of the 2013-14 WordMasters Challenge! Thank you for your patience and understanding as we worked through some of the technical glitches with our upgraded website. By now, you should have logged into the website to set up your team(s) and downloaded your Meet #1 Word Lists(s). 

If you experience any difficulty accessing your WordMasters account, please try the following before contacting us for assistance:

  • Ensure you are logged out of the system. If you see LOGOUT at the top right of the webpage (next to the SEARCH box), click it and wait until you receive a message confirming that you have successfully been logged out of the site.
  • Refresh the WordMasters Challenge page.
  • Click on LOGIN. Under "Account Sign In", enter your username (your email address) and your password. Note: Unless you created a personal password, your temporary password is your four-digit WordMasters school number (this number appears on all invoices/sales receipts).
  • If you have forgotten your password and/or cannot locate your school number, try resetting it by clicking on “Forgot your password?”. If that does not work, send us an email and we will reset your password manually.

INSTRUCTIONS FOR MEET #1

  1. Make as many copies of the Word List as you will need for your students. Distribute Word Lists to your students at least two weeks before each scheduled meet.

  2. Help students learn the meaning of their words and consider possible analogies based on these words. (You should NOT expose them to the Challenge Test analogies ahead of time.)

 
 
 
  1. The Challenge Tests and Answer Keys will be available for download from your Dashboard on November 18th.

  2. Schedule your Challenge Meet for any 20-minute period between November 18th – December 6th.

  3. Enter your students’ scores online by December 13th. You can create a unique student record for each participant at any time by clicking on “Manage Teams & Students” from your Dashboard (no limit to number of students per team). More information regarding score submission will be sent to you before Challenge Meet tests are available for download. Important note: Due to the changes we have made to automate the score reporting process, we will no longer be able to accept scores beyond the posted deadline of December 13th. Please schedule your meet accordingly to ensure you are able to submit your scores on time.

  4. A summary of results will be posted on our website and available for download on December 27th.

  5. No need to wait until January to start preparing for the second Challenge Meet! Word Lists for Meet #2 will be available for download on December 9th.

 

NOTES TO TEAM LEADERS

Before the Meet

  1. Your students will get much more out of theWordMasters ChallengeTM if you actively help them master their vocabulary lists. Dictionary definitions are a good place to start, but they may not make clear to a child a word’s part of speech, the contexts in which the word does or does not make sense, the word’s positive or negative connotations, or the word’s nuances of meaning – in short, the word’s usage. For example, from a dictionary a student may learn that “abridge” means “shorten, condense or reduce,” but unless you demonstrate the word’s usage in sentences, the student may assume that dieters eat less to “abridge” their weight or that stylists use scissors to “abridge” people’s hair.
  2. If your students have not worked with analogies before, spend some time introducing them to this logicalform. We think our “Analogies 101 Plus” sets are a good place to start (available for order through our website). You can also make up simple analogies of your own to illustrate the kinds of logical relationships used in analogies.
  3. Once your students have become thoroughly familiar with their words, encourage them to make up their own analogies based on their word lists and to try their analogies out on one another. Practical discussions about what makes one analogy more satisfactory than another will help students improve their analytical reasoning – 
  4. You may also make up analogies of your own for your students using vocabulary from their Word List, but you should NOT familiarize yourself with the analogies in your students’ Challenge Test ahead of time nor make up practice analogies that resemble the Challenge analogies.
  5. Inform students that each successive meet in this year’s WordMasters Challenge will be somewhat more difficult that the one before it. At each grade level, the second meet’s analogies will feature vocabulary from both of the first two Word Lists (50 words); the third meet’s analogies will be based on all three Word Lists (75 words). Students should therefore save their first and second meet Word Lists and study materials.

During the Meet

  1. Challenge meets should last about 20 minutes (we do not impose a strict time limit) and should be conducted silently (i.e., the Team Leader should not read the analogies aloud). Students should work unassisted; they should not consult their Word Lists, definitions, or each other.

  2. There is one circumstance in which limited help is permitted: If your students
    encounter a word in the Challenge test which has not appeared on the Word Lists yet
    is unfamiliar to them, you may define that word briefly. Please be sure that any
    definition you give is not only brief and simple, but is also without reference to the
    analogy in which the unfamiliar word appears. It is
    NOT permissible to define a word
    that appeared on an earlier Word List (applies to Meets #2 and #3), nor one that is a derivative of any Word List vocabulary.

After the Meet

  1. Please take the time to report your scores to us online, whether you think your team has done outstandingly or not. Score feedback is very important to us in developing Challenge tests that are appropriate to each grade level and division.
  2. When national results and scores summaries are posted on our website, you will be able to show your students how they are doing (both as a team and as individuals) in comparison with other students in the same grade and division throughout the country. Experience has shown that, for many students, the goal of increasing your team or individual ranking can serve as a powerful motivation, especially during the later meets.
  3. PLEASE do not simply hand back corrected tests to students without discussion. Once students have been given the correct answers, engage them in a discussion of what makes each analogy work (e.g., “In what way is an aquarium being compared to a garden here?”). Encourage your students to articulate the general principle at work in each analogy (e.g., “The first word here names an action; the second word names the object receiving the action.”).
  4. Allow your students to “challenge” answers to analogies if doing so encourages them to think analytically. We will do our best to respond to students who present us with a letter or email thoughtfully questioning the logic of an analogy. (The authority on which we rely in matters of dispute is Webster’s New World College Dictionary.)

Don't forget to check out all the resources available to you through our website (Idea Gallery, Teacher Tools, FAQs, blog posts, WordMasters Basics, etc).

Good luck! 


 

link

Reminder: Enrollment Deadline is September 30th

Posted by



 

The start of the 2013-14 WordMasters™ Challenge is quickly approaching! The deadline to enroll your team is September 30th.

Beginning October 1st, you’ll be able to access your WordMasters™ Meet #1 Word Lists, so enroll your teams today. Please contact us with any questions. We’re happy to help you get started.

 

Here are year-end comments from Team Leaders who coached during the 2012-13 WordMasters™ Challenge:

“This continues to be a fantastic method for students to work together learning new vocabulary words and then, advancing to a higher level of thinking with the challenging analogies. This has become one of our most popular ‘team sports’.”

--Team Leader, Solomon Schechter Day School of Greater Boston

 

“Thanks for the terrific year! My students discovered the power of words and enjoyed adding so many to their vocabulary! We had a great time!”

--Team Leader, Ames Middle School


 

link

From the Students: "Our teacher just learned another definition for the word scanty…"

Posted by



 

Here is another well-written persuasive letter from two students hoping to start a WordMasters Team in their new middle school. I wonder if you'll learn a new definition for an old word from their letter, too. Did you know a farmer uses a scuffle? Have a wonderful week!

 

Dear Mr. S.,

            We are two students from Chestwood School. We would like to inform you about our abundant requests for the WordMasters Challenge in middle school. We think that WordMasters can teach students a lot, not just in school but also out of school. We definitely think that it does! Here are some reasons why they should have the WordMasters Challenge. They extend and alter students’ vocabulary, they help students understand analogies and comparing things in real life, and they help students learn definitions of words that they may use in everyday life.

            They extend students’ vocabulary by having them study for the competition, thus making them keep the words they learn in their minds. Words like contraband and alter are used everywhere. They’re used in television, on signs, in speeches, etc. Words like scanty and lumber help you learn new definitions of the same words. Our teacher has taught WordMasters for a long time and she just learned another definition for the word scanty, and as funny as it may seem, scanty also means brief underpants. She also just learned another definition for the word scuffle. As well as being a short and confused fight, it’s also a type of hoe for construction. As you can see, WordMasters extends vocabulary.

            WordMasters helps students’ understanding of analogies and comparing things in real life. We compare things in real life in lots of ways. By people and their jobs, what people use in their jobs, etc. Example: Farmers use scythes and scuffles, just like cooks use spatulas. We have observed that our students use an abundant amount of analogies to describe anything they can think of. We also use analogies, not just in language arts, but also in science, math, social studies, and many more subjects. It’s basically classifying things in a new way. As you can see, WordMasters help students’ understand analogies and comparing things in real life.

            WordMasters help students learn definitions of words they can use in real life. It helps you learn more advanced words. All of our WordMasters are supposed to be challenging, and they are. I think we can all agree that these words are challenging and are at a seventh grade level. Also, my partner and I didn’t know lots of the definitions or meanings of the WordMasters words. We have found out many new words that we have never heard and now we have used them in our sentences many times. WordMasters help student learn definitions and meanings of words they can use in real life.

            We wouldn’t like to sound like a broken record, but WordMasters means a lot to Chestwood students. We would really appreciate it if you put our request into consideration. We know that WordMasters help students extend their vocabulary, helps students understand analogies and comparing things in real life, and they help students learn definitions of words you can use in life. We have one more supporting thought. We have used many, many WordMasters words in this letter.

 

                                    We would like you to consider our request,

                                                G. and N.


 

link

Wonderful Words: Laconic

Posted by

Here’s another interesting word origin story that traces back to the Mediterranean.  I’ve borrowed this from another fun “word” book I picked up – Random House Webster’s Pocket Power Vocabulary, which is a tiny book about the size of a pack of index cards and includes more than a hundred tests to improve your word mastery.

In Sparta, the capital of the ancient Greek region of Laconia, the children were trained in endurance, cunning, modesty, and self-restraint.  From the terse style of speech and writing of the Laconians we derive the English word “laconic.”  Today the word retains this meaning, expressing much in few words.

Why yes, of course I have a few analogies from our WordMasters archives!  No one ever accused me of being laconic.  See if you can solve these:

SPEAKER : LACONIC :: DONOR : _______________________

  1. PARSIMONIOUS
  2. GARRULOUS
  3. PIVOTAL
  4. PUGNACIOUS
  5. ORATORICAL

GARRULOUS : LACONIC :: DIAPHONOUS : ___________________________

  1. GREGARIOUS
  2. APPREHENSIVE
  3. SHEER
  4. OPAQUE
  5. COMPLIANT





 

link

From the Students: Before you know it, kids will be saying, “A skinflint took my money!”

Posted by

A group of students teamed up and wrote letters to their future junior high schools which did not have a WordMasters team. Their intent was to get a team started at their new school so they could continue participating in the WordMasters Challenge this coming school year. We thought they said it best in their own words. Enjoy!

 

December 11, 2012

Dear Mr. H,

            Did you know that kids that know more words are generally smarter children? Well, it’s true! And if you want that for your students, then you should do this thing called WORDMASTERS. It’s a fun way to learn lots of new words. Now if you don’t mind… we’d like to tell you a thing or two about this educational system.

            WordMasters words are a great way to enrich a student’s vocabulary! If all the grades did WordMasters then 1st graders could read Harry Potter books! Kids will be able to do harder assignments at younger grades. Before you know it, kids will be saying, “What an exquisite day today!” and “A skinflint took my money!!!” It sounds strange now but if your students do WordMasters, this is what your average conversation might sound like!

            With WordMasters words, you will develop smarter children! Your students will have better grades and don’t forget, better grades mean better jobs, which will help our economy. You could do all this and more if only you would allow us to compete in the WordMasters Challenge! It’s a tremendous way to learn analogies too. If only you had WordMasters at your school, your students could be mini geniuses!

            OHH! And how could I forget to tell you!!! Not only is WordMasters educational, it’s also a really fun way to learn! I mean we obviously enjoy it or we wouldn’t be writing this 5-paragraph essay about doing it next year. If we like the work, we won’t complain about doing it. It cultivates learning for us! (By the way, cultivate was a Word Masters word!) Our teacher rewards us for finding our words in books or using them in our writing, which will help us through school and through our lives! It makes it fun competing to find the words for the candy. That’s why we enjoy them so much!

            Now as you can see, WordMasters is obviously a spectacular idea but it’s your choice. If you don’t want your students to have a fabulous vocabulary then so be it. Oh, you can’t possibly forget about cultivating learning for your students! Now you can hopefully see that WordMasters is the smartest way to take your student’s education and that I strongly recommend it! Thank you for your time, sir.                      

                                    Sincerely,

                                    Two of Mrs. R’s LA students





 

link

Wonderful Words: Poignant

Posted by

Yes, I am a self-proclaimed word nerd and I love to read about words.  Here’s another interesting tidbit from Mignon Fogarty, author of Grammar Girl’s 101 Words Every High School Graduate Needs to Know.

Something poignant is painfully moving, keenly felt, or sharply experienced.  Poignant comes from a Latin word that meant “to prick” and a later Old French word that meant “to prick or sting” and may be related to the word pungent, which has a similar meaning but is more likely to be applied to a taste or a smell.

Okay, so now try your hand at solving these WordMasters Challenge analogies from the archives using poignant and pungent.

 

POIGNANT : MAUDLIN :: DRAMA : ­­­­­­­­­­______________________________

  1. TRAGEDY
  2. COMEDY
  3. SOAP OPERA
  4. SCRIPT
  5. NOVEL

 

SOUP : PUNGENT :: STORY : _____________________________

  1. BOUNTIFUL
  2. POIGNANT
  3. MAWKISH
  4. PUERILE
  5. MORDANT





 

link

WordMasters Basics: How does the WordMasters Challenge™ work?

Posted by

At each grade level, the competition consists of three 20-minute analogy-solving meets, which are held at your school three times during the academic year (December, February and April).

Prior to each meet, students are given a list of 25 challenging vocabulary words, which are customized for each competition level that will appear in the meet analogies. Excellence in the competition will require both a mastery of the word meanings and thoughtful reasoning about the relationships between the word list vocabulary and more familiar language used in the competition’s analogies.

Try one for yourself from our sixth grade blue division:

GARB : REPAST :: ___________ : ___________

(a) WEAR : STIR

(b) CLOTHES : COOK

(c) EAT : WEAR

(d) THIN : FAT

(e) SEW : COOK

 

We hope you learned a new word, or maybe a new usage for a word you already knew, as you thought your way through the choices. If you're curious, option e was the correct answer.





 

link

WordMasters Basics: What is the WordMasters Challenge™?

Posted by

Are you looking for a new way to help your students grow their vocabulary and verbal reasoning? Join over 150,000 students from some of the best public and private schools throughout the United States who participate in the WordMasters™ Challenge!

What is the WordMasters Challenge™ and what are the benefits?

WordMasters Challenge™ (n.) 1. A yearly, national competition for students in grades 3-8 that encourages growth in vocabulary and verbal reasoning through the use of analogies.

Unlike other language arts competitions for this age group—which focus on grammar, punctuation, spelling and other language mechanics—the WordMasters Challenge™ helps students learn to think both analytically and metaphorically. The contest addresses higher-level word comprehension and verbal reasoning in two ways:

  • It challenges students to complete analogies based on relationships among words they have learned.
  • It bases the analogies on special vocabulary lists, developed for each grade and difficulty level by experienced teachers, which participants study before each meet.

Traditional vocabulary learning : WordMasters Challenge™ :: Rote memorization : ___________

A. Verbal reasoning

B. Higher-level word comprehension

C. Improved reading comprehension

D. Improved verbal expression

E. Improved standardized test scores

F. All of the above!

The benefit? Research shows that developing higher order thinking skills impacts reading comprehension, verbal expression and performance on standardized tests!

To enroll your team for the 2013-14 school year, visit www.wordmasterschallenge.com.
 

link

Expand Your Vocabulary and Sharpen Your Analogy Skills with Twitter

Posted by

Follow us on Twitter and play along as we tweet daily analogies.  Analogies will be posted Monday through Friday, increasing in difficulty as the week progresses (like the NY Times Crossword Puzzle!).  The number that appears before the analogy indicates the Challenge level where the analogy was previously used; for example, (4B) means the analogy appeared in a 4th Grade - Blue Division Challenge.

If you are unfamiliar with analogy notation, remember that a single colon (:) means "is to" and a double colon (::) means "as".  So "black : white :: good : evil" reads "black is to white as good is to evil".  Usually, we leave just the last term out, so to solve the analogy you choose the word that makes the most sense.  Sometimes we leave the second part of the analogy out altogether, so you must choose a pair of words that have the same relationship as the first pair.

The correct answer to each day's analogy will be tweeted the following day.  

Teachers, this is a great way to keep your students thinking analytically over the summer and between Challenge meets!  

Good luck and have fun!


 

link

Exciting Upgrades to WordMasters Challenge and Website

Posted by

 

Welcome to WordMasters' new and improved website!  We are very excited about the changes we are introducing for the 2012-13 school year.  My name is Lisa Kennedy, and I am the new Executive Director for WordMasters’ elementary and middle school programs.  In this blog, I would like to point out some of the changes we have made to serve you better.

First and foremost, we are making it easier to enroll teams, receive Challenge materials, and submit your team’s Challenge results.  All of these tasks can be accomplished online beginning with enrollment for 2012-13 and continuing with word list distribution for Meet #1 in October.   (Please note:  Scores for Meet #3 of the current WordMasters Challenge 2011-12 cannot be submitted using our online form.  Please continue to send your scores by mail or fax.  See the Submit Challenge Scores page on our website for more details.)

Second, our online format eliminates the need to make copies of cumbersome legal-size documents.  All of the Word List and Challenge documents will be downloadable letter-size PDF documents.  You will receive an email several weeks before each Meet with directions for how to download the WordMasters materials you have purchased.  Simply download the appropriate files and make the number of copies you need for your team.  When you have completed scoring, return to our website and enter your top ten scores into the Results form.  It’s that easy!

Third, we have taken many of the ideas you have shared with us in the past and posted them in our Idea Gallery under the Resources tab of the website.  We hope to continue expanding this exchange of ideas (including photos and videos) over the coming months.  Please send us your stories and suggestions regarding the WordMasters Challenge, analogies, vocabulary, verbal reasoning, lesson plans, and any any other idea you might have!

We hope you like the new look and feel of the WordMasters Challenge, and we look forward to hearing your comments. 


 

link

Suddenly there’s a love affair with words in my classroom!

– 6th grade teacher from Florida

Challenge Schedule

Click here to download the 2017-18
 WordMasters Challenge calendar.

© 2017 WordMasters Challenge | All Rights Reserved | Website Design & Content Management Powered by Marketpath CMS  |  Phone: 888.385.5656

Merchant Services